The 2010/11/30 at 14:48
“Compared with Germany and Great Britain in particular, France is not very far ahead in terms of carbon assessment,” observes Jean-Luc Manceau, Operations Manager at Climat Mundi, a firm specialising in carbon management. Figures from ADEME support this viewpoint. In the space of six years, 4,000 carbon assessments have been carried out, by VSEs-SMEs and large businesses in equal proportions. According to Climat Mundi, the banking and food processing sectors are locomotives in this direction. “We can feel the shuddering of the chemical industry,” continues the consultant. “In two-thirds of cases, carbon assessments are carried out by consultants,” believes Laurence Gouthière, in charge of the coordination and diffusion of Bilan Carbone® at ADEME. The main reason for this major recourse to external service providers is that data gathering demands time and organisation. Especially when supplier data must be entered as well.
The intervention of a consultant does not always suffice. “I advise my clients to designate an in-company reference contact, trained in data recuperation and processing,” recommends Bruno Toueix, a consultant trained in the Bilan Carbone® method. Once data has been gathered, it must be converted into CO2 figures. For VSE-PMEs, a simple spreadsheet programme such as Excel may do the trick. For others, it’s better to opt for a specific software. Amongst the criteria to bear in mind, it is necessary to make sure that emission factors used really correspond to the specificities of the territory, given that from one country to another, the way in which one kilowatt of electricity is produced differs. For example, ADEME has adapted its emission factor guide for Mayotte and French overseas departments and territories. “Adaptations for China and Tunisia are underway,” adds Laurence Gouthière.
Other selection criteria to consider are the software’s capacity to follow up substances other than greenhouse gases, its ergonomics, its capacity to interface with other software and to allow employees to work collectively. “It is necessary to open up dialogue with each of the services in question to cut down on emission points,” recommends Francis Baros, Technical Manager of the GreenUpClimat firm. “One shouldn’t limit oneself to a company’s head office, but include factories and annex buildings so as not to miss out on any levers of initiatives.” An example is provided by PSA Peugeot-Citroën, the world’s first automobile manufacturer to use high-definition video collaboration tools. This solution provided by Tata Communications will promote teamwork between R&D services based in France, Brazil and China while improving the company’s carbon print by limiting trips taken by teams throughout the world.