The 2011/12/27 at 06:40
The Centre d'Analyse Stratégique (Centre of Strategic Analysis), a French institution reporting to the Prime Minister, has striven to analyse France’s employment situation in the face of massive unemployment, increased globalisation, and the soar of new technologies – three elements that modify social relations as well as ways of working. The Centre has also projected what the future employment market situation will be like.
Two possible scenarios for the ways in which work and employment will evolve by 2030 have thus been put forward. The first opts for a considerable escalation of the technological and social accelerations currently underway, and a shift to a job-employment universe featuring a growth model founded on the intelligence, digital and green economies. This growth model reveals the significant development of new forms of work and training (nomad work, e-learning…), chiefly permitted by the developed use of ICTs. On the social level, the individualisation of behaviour will increase, while civilian society will play a major role; environmental preoccupations will be reinforced, and consumers will place great pressure on companies.
Meanwhile, the second scenario backs evolutions in the macroeconomic and international diplomatic contexts. These changes are set to significantly modify the weighting of external restrictions affecting French companies, namely pressures on price competitiveness. In this context, all players will find margins for manoeuvring in order to act according to joint interests. As a result, new forms of cooperation and co-regulation will emerge on a national level. These new approaches will favour employability and worker mobility, and the development of formative and collaborative modes of work organisation.
The report highlights the need to improve competitiveness in order to ease pressure on work costs, augment employee loyalty, and optimise work organisation and social cohesion. The Centre d’Analyse Stratégique accordingly offers a number of suggestions for improving the employment market of tomorrow, managing possible crises, and preparing for a gradual shift from a policy based on managing mass unemployment and fighting against its effects, to a policy focused on matching supply and demand on the job market. In the face of expected growth in professional mobility, the Centre d'Analyse Stratégique pleads for greater security for professional paths, and advocates the creation of an individual employment rights account, transferrable from one company to another, as well as the creation of an "CSR" (Corporate Social Responsibility) label, to be placed at the heart of business roles and stakes in order to align competitiveness and social development.