The 2013/11/11 at 12:05
5 August 1599 “The date when the Chamber of Commerce was baptized. During this era when barbarians and pirates forced crews on the Mediterranean coast to become their slaves, the institution responded to a need for security. This first Chamber of Commerce would go as far as demanding compensation from the Queen of England. Its mission was also to control the dealers who settled in the Ottoman Empire.”
Following a deliberation undertaken by the Marseille City Council, a committee of 4 trade supervisors was appointed. This was the ancestor of the current CCI. One year later, in 1600, King Henri IV approved this decision via a letter addressed to the Parliament of Provence. He defined the entity’s mission as “defending trade from all damage and restoring it to its splendour”. At the time, this new organism was responsible for paying half of the ambassador’s pay and the entire earnings of the consuls of Constantinople. It was an annex of the Foreign Affairs Ministry.
21 October 1685 “Marseille soap gained its renown thanks to monitoring by the Chamber that did all it could to promote French influence overseas.”
A king’s ruling entrusted the Chamber of Commerce with monitoring French professionals in the Levant (former name given to Marseille’s Mediterranean coast) and Barbary (namely the area known as North Africa today).
It was this institution that formulated drastic regulations regarding soap factories, as well as sheet manufacturers. The aim was to produce the best possible products.
Meetings took place in the Town Hall, with the assembly gathering in the presence of the Intendant of Provence.
1700 “Birth of the Chamber of Commerce of Dunkirk.”
Established in February by King Louis XIV, the Chamber was active throughout the 18th century, helping the port to recover after it was the victim of European wars on several occasions, or defending trade franchise, the town’s vital privilege.
It was also this Chamber that, from 1830 to 1848, succeeded in accelerating the arrival of the railway in Dunkirk.
This model whetted the interest of those farther afield. In 1782, an office named the “Chamber of Commerce” opened in the London district of Cornhill, a place where businessmen could find consultation, information and assistance services. This office was the forerunner of a larger establishment that would be set up in 1881 in the English capital.
1791 “The Chambers of Commerce dissolved by the National Constituent Assembly behind the Revolution would be re-established in 1803 by Napoléon Bonaparte”.
In 1803, Bonaparte signed the decree creating the Chamber of Commerce of Paris.
Other countries such as Luxembourg and Belgium would follow suit and launch their own Chambers in the 19th century.
In 1898, the regulations governing these Chambers were fixed in France by a Code of Commerce. In 1899, the Chambers of Meaux, Melun and Versailles, were created.
1912 Creation of the United States Chamber of Commerce, with 700 delegates defending US business interests under President William Howard Taft. Today, the body is often politically active, generally supporting the Republicans.
1960 In France, the Chambers definitively became known as the “Chambres de Commerce et d’Industrie” (Chambers of Commerce and Industry).